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Version: 11.0.x

Reactive View Model

This page describes how you can use the ReactiveUI ReactiveObject as the basis of your view model to implement MVVM binding with Avalonia UI.

ReactiveUI provides the ReactiveObject as a base class for view models. It implements a notification of property changes and observables to monitor object changes.


For the detailed ReactiveUI documentation for ReactiveObject, see here.

Once you have installed and configured ReactiveUI, you can base your view models on the class:

public class ViewModelBase : ReactiveObject

If you have used the Avalonia MVVM Application solution template, then you will find this base class already added to the project /ViewModels folder.

For example, you can implement a simple view model like this:

public class MyViewModel : ViewModelBase
private string _description = string.Empty;
public string Description
get => _description;
set => this.RaiseAndSetIfChanged(ref _description, value);

Notify the View of Changes

Avalonia UI uses the underlying ReactiveObject to Notify changes in the view model back to the view using any bindings defined in the XAML. For example, if you are binding the Avalonia UI text input control like this:

<TextBox AcceptsReturn="True"
Text="{Binding Description}"
Watermark="Enter a description"/>

Any change to the view model description property is achieved using the set accessor and a change is raised causing Avalonia UI to display the new value on the UI.

Update the View Model from Input

When Avalonia UI uses the binding to Update the view model, the set accessor ensures that any parts of the view model that depend on the description property can also react to the change if necessary.

On the next page, you will learn how a reactive command acts as a special case of the view model update.