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Версия: 11.0.0

Reactive Command

On this page you will learn how to use the ReactiveUI ReactiveCommand and an ObservableObject created in code, to implement the UI principle of revealed functionality.

Revealed Functionality

This is a very important principle that ensures that a user is properly guided through your UI because features and functions only become available (or even visible) once they are valid.

As a simple example: an input requires at least 8 characters before a button can be clicked, so it is proper UI practice to keep the button disabled until valid input has been made.

Reactive Command

As a starting point, you can create a simple view like this:

<StackPanel Margin="20">
<TextBlock Margin="0 5" >User Name</TextBlock>
<TextBox Text="{Binding UserName}"/>
<Button Margin="0 20" Command="{Binding SubmitCommand}">Submit</Button>

You can add a corresponding view model like this:

public class MainWindowViewModel : ViewModelBase
private string _userName = string.Empty;

public string UserName
get { return _userName; }
set { this.RaiseAndSetIfChanged(ref _userName, value); }

public ReactiveCommand<Unit, Unit> SubmitCommand { get; }

public MainWindowViewModel()
SubmitCommand = ReactiveCommand.Create(() =>
Debug.WriteLine("The submit command was run.");

This view model does not yet perform revealed functionality. The SubmitCommand is declared with no parameter, and no result (void). The synchronous action parameter of the Create method is where you implement what happens when the command is run (when the user clicks the button). The example above just reports the action in the debug window.

Can Execute?

When you use ReactiveUI to implement revealed functionality, you create an observable object that indicates whether your command can execute or not.

For example, you can add this code to the above view model to create an observable object to validate the view model:

IObservable<bool> isInputValid = this.WhenAnyValue(
x => x.UserName,
x => !string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(x) && x.Length > 7

The observable object monitors the value of the UserName property and runs the validation function whenever it changes. The observable object is created by the WhenAnyValue function of the ReactiveObject that underlies the view model (see the previous page here).

Next add the observable object to the Create method. This second parameter is the canExecute argument for the method.

SubmitCommand = ReactiveCommand.Create(() => 
Debug.WriteLine("The submit command was run.");
}, isInputValid);

Now you will see that the button only becomes enabled once you have entered 8 characters.