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Версия: 0.10.x

Keyframe Animations

Keyframe animations in Avalonia are heavily inspired by CSS Animations. They can be used to animate any number of properties on a control, using any number of keyframes to define the states that each property must pass through. Keyframe animations can run any number of times, in either direction.

Defining A Keyframe Animation

Keyframe animations are applied using styles. They can be defined on any style by adding an Animation object to the Style.Animation property:

<Window xmlns="https://github.com/avaloniaui">
<Style Selector="Rectangle.red">
<Setter Property="Height" Value="100"/>
<Setter Property="Width" Value="100"/>
<Setter Property="Fill" Value="Red"/>
<Animation Duration="0:0:1">
<KeyFrame Cue="0%">
<Setter Property="Opacity" Value="0.0"/>
<KeyFrame Cue="100%">
<Setter Property="Opacity" Value="1.0"/>

<Rectangle Classes="red"/>

The example above animates the target Control as defined by its selector. It will be run immediately when the control is loaded.

Triggering Animations

Unlike WPF's Triggers, Animations defined in XAML rely on selectors for their triggering behavior. Selectors can always apply to a control, or they can conditionally apply (for example if the control has a style class appled).

If the selector isn't conditional then the animation will be triggered when a matching Control is spawned into the visual tree. Otherwise, the animations will run whenever its selector is activated. When the selector no longer matches, the currently running animation will be canceled.


The KeyFrame objects defines when the target Setter objects should be applied on the target Control, with value interpolation in-between.

The Cue property of an KeyFrame object is based on the Duration of the parent animation and is a percent of the animation's Duration (i.e., "0%", "100%").

All Animation objects should contain at least one KeyFrame, with a Setter that has target property and value.

Multiple properties can be also animated in a single Animation by adding additional Setter objects on the desired KeyFrame:

<Animation Duration="0:0:1"> 
<KeyFrame Cue="0%">
<Setter Property="Opacity" Value="0.0"/>
<Setter Property="RotateTransform.Angle" Value="0.0"/>
<KeyFrame Cue="100%">
<Setter Property="Opacity" Value="1.0"/>
<Setter Property="RotateTransform.Angle" Value="90.0"/>


You can add a delay in a Animation by defining the desired delay time on its Delay property:

<Animation Duration="0:0:1"


You can set the following repeat behaviors on IterationCount property of an Animation.

0 to NPlay N times.
INFINITERepeat Indefinitely

Playback Direction

The PlaybackDirection property defines how should the animation be played, including repeats.

The following table describes the possible behaviors:

NormalThe animation is played normally.
ReverseThe animation is played in reverse direction.
AlternateThe animation is played forwards first, then backwards.
AlternateReverseThe animation is played backwards first, then forwards.

Value fill modes

The FillMode property defines whether the first or last interpolated value of an animation persist before or after running an animation and on delays in-between runs.

The following table describes the possible behaviors:

NoneValue will not persist after animation nor the first value will be applied when the animation is delayed.
ForwardThe last interpolated value will be persisted to the target property.
BackwardThe first interpolated value will be displayed on animation delay.
BothBoth Forward and Backward behaviors will be applied.


Easing functions can be set by setting the name of the desired function to the Animation's Easing property:

<Animation Duration="0:0:1"

You can also add your custom easing function class like this:

<Animation Duration="0:0:1"

The following list contains the built-in easing functions.

  • LinearEasing (Default)
  • BackEaseIn
  • BackEaseInOut
  • BackEaseOut
  • BounceEaseIn
  • BounceEaseInOut
  • BounceEaseOut
  • CircularEaseIn
  • CircularEaseInOut
  • CircularEaseOut
  • CubicEaseIn
  • CubicEaseInOut
  • CubicEaseOut
  • ElasticEaseIn
  • ElasticEaseInOut
  • ElasticEaseOut
  • ExponentialEaseIn
  • ExponentialEaseInOut
  • ExponentialEaseOut
  • QuadraticEaseIn
  • QuadraticEaseInOut
  • QuadraticEaseOut
  • QuarticEaseIn
  • QuarticEaseInOut
  • QuarticEaseOut
  • QuinticEaseIn
  • QuinticEaseInOut
  • QuinticEaseOut
  • SineEaseIn
  • SineEaseInOut
  • SineEaseOut